عربي
Skip Navigation Links
ResearchExpand Research
UniversityExpand University
CollegesExpand Colleges
CentersExpand Centers
Admin. UnitExpand Admin. Unit
StaffExpand Staff
StudentsExpand Students
 
Skip Navigation LinksHome Centers Sultan Qaboos Center About the Center    
 
Skip Navigation Links.
About the Center

Natural resources such as water and farmable lands are limited in the GCC countries due to the lack of rain fall and the desert environment of the region. Therefore, these countries depend on groundwater as the main source of satisfying the need for water, and secondarily on desalinated water, which is costly. The agricultural sector consumes approximately 65-90% of the water resources. Thus, it is necessary to deal with these resources based on scientific methods and modern agricultural techniques, and to manage these in a fully integrated way that will also be suitable for future generations in this region.

A thought emerged around the year 2001 at AGU– the regional university which itself is an historical project that belongs to the GCC- which was to establish a specialized research center in the field of advanced agricultural techniques. This idea specifically focused on water resources as hydroponics. This was considered a very positive idea that is extremely suitable for this region since it eliminates the main difficulties facing this region i.e. lack of water and suitable soil.  Therefore, it also greatly reduces the  total amount of water needed for the agricultural sector.
The University has received very generous support from His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said al Said, Sultan of Oman, may Allah protect him, as he has given generous financial donations to the University for research regarding desert agriculture as a support to the University's goals and future projections in terms of desert farming research. It was decided to name the center "Sultan Qaboos Center for Modern and Soilless Culture.

The center began its work in the beginning of 2002 and the Minister of Higher Education of the Sultanate of Oman, Dr. Yahya bin Mahfouz Mundhiri formally opened the center on October 1st, 2003. The center's role has been enhanced in serving the GCC society by signing an agreement of cooperative research with the Ministry of Agriculture and Municipalities in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The center aims to make agreements with other ministries and organizations in the other GCC countries to attain its goals.

Soilles

This technology is based on planting out of the soil environment, (as the soil is usually depleted in fertility and in high salt content) and out of the environment of the regional climate (as high temperatures lead to water vaporization and therefore need of much more water). This allows for the use of the minimum possible amount of water as water is used efficiently reaching nearly 100% as there are no loss to be mentioned. With this method of planting, the farming of  crops is done in farming medium that is confined to an area that restricts water leakage to the depth where plants will not benefit from it. Any left-over water is recycled by re-pumping it to the plant. The plants need for nutrients is sustained by melting the nutrients into the water tank that is used for watering the plant in the concentration that the plant requires.

Copyright © 2010 Arabian Gulf University Contact: Tel:17239999, Fax:17272555 | Home | Location | site map| عربي |