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Paper Description


Designing Distance Learning Materials According to Keller’s Model and testing its Effects on Learners’ Achievement & Motivation for Learning at Arabian Gulf University


Authors: Ghawas , Maheen Mohamed , Alagab, Alajab Mohamed & Salih, Fathi Abedgader
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of designing distance learning materials according to Keller’s model on learners' motivation and academic achievement in the Research Methods in Education Course. A quasi-experimental research design, a post test control group, was used to investigate the following hypotheses: [1] using a combination of distance learning devices in designing learning materials and Keller’s model guidelines will improve learners' motivation; [2] using a combination of distance learning devices in designing learning materials and Keller’s model guidelines will improve learners' academic achievement.

The study sample consisted of 40 participants in their first year in the Distance Teaching and Training Program at the Arabian Gulf University in Kingdom of Bahrain. They enrolled in the Research Methods in Education Course at the second semester of the academic years 2007- 2008 and 2008- 2009. The control group consisted of learners enrolled in the Research Methods in Education Course at the academic year 2007 - 2008, while the experimental group consisted of learners enrolled in the for mentioned course at the academic year 2008- 2009. Participants’ motivation toward learning materials was measured using Instructional Materials Motivation Survey (IMMS), which consisted of four motivation categories based on Keller’s model: Attention, Relevance, Confidence, and Satisfaction. Learners' academic achievement was measured by the learner’s final GPA in the Course. Achievement measurement components consisted of tests, assignments, participate in discussions, analysis and criticism of research in the field of distance learning. Results indicated statistically and practically significant differences between the experimental and control groups, in favor of the experimental group, in all categories of motivation. However, the results did not give evidence on significant differences between the experimental and control groups in learners' academic achievement.
Keywords: Motivation to learn, Keller’s ARCS model for motivation, motivational design process, distance learning, distance learning materials, distance learning materials design.
Published in: College of Education Journal, Damietta University;(61):104-163
URL: http://www.du.edu.eg/faculty/edu/up/unitCat.aspx?id=20
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