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Veratridine-Induced Wet Dog Shake Behaviour and Apoptosis in Rat Hippocampus


Authors: Otoom SS, Handu SS, Wazir JF, James H, Sharma PR, Hasan ZA, Sequeira RP
Abstract: We have previously evaluated veratridine as an in vitro model of seizure using conventional electrophysiological recordings in rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurones. The aim of this investigation is to further characterize this convulsant as an in vivo model of seizure. Veratridine was administered intraperitoneally to male Fisher rats in a dose range of 100–400 µg/kg. Within 5 min. after the injections, the animals entered a quiescent period which was followed 10–15 min. later by facial automatism (washing), grooming, masticatory jaw movement and profuse salivation. This phenomenon was followed by the development of wet dog shake and forelimb clonus. The time (mean±S.E.M.) for the onset of induction of these shakes for all tested doses was 31.65±2.85 min. and the number of shakes (mean±S.E.M.) 30 min. after the onset was 17.2±2.85. The onset and number of wet dog shakes induced by veratridine was dose-dependent. No rat death was recorded until 2 weeks after the experiments. Histopathological studies of animals 2 weeks after veratridine administration showed evidence of apoptosis in the hippocampus. Our results indicate that veratridine produced a behavioural pattern of a limbic seizure which mimics temporal lobe epilepsy in man. Based on our previous findings in vitro and of this investigation in vivo, veratridine can be used as an experimental tool to evaluate potential antiepileptic drugs effective against this type of limbic behaviour.
Published in: Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology;98(4):423 - 426
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2006.pto_339.x/abstract
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