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Paper Description


High frequency of Plasmodium falciparum CICNI/SGEAA and CVIET haplotypes without association with resistance to sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine and chloroquine combination in the Daraweesh area, in Sudan.


Authors: A-Elbasit IE, Khalil IF, Elbashir MI, Masuadi EM, Bygbjerg IC, Alifrangis M, Giha HA.
Abstract: Estimation of the prevalence of the molecular markers of sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP) and chloroquine (CQ) resistance and validation of the association of mutations with resistance in different settings is needed for local policy guidance and for contributing to a global map for anti-malarial drug resistance. In this study, malaria patients treated with SP alone (60) and SP with CQ (194) had a total treatment failure (TF) of 35.4%, with no difference between the two arms. The polymerase chain reaction-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA) method was used to identify polymorphisms in 15 loci in the dhfr, dhps and pfcrt genes in a subset of 168 infections. The results revealed a similar frequency of all single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the two arms, except dhps 581G, which was over-represented in infections that failed to respond to SP alone (TF). In all infections, a high frequency of dhfr CICNI haplotype (51I and 108N) was found, but without discrimination between the adequate clinical and parasitological response (ACPR, 75.6%) and TF (82.9%). Similarly, the dhps SGEAA haplotype (437G and 540E) (ACPR, 60.5%; TF, 65.9%) and the combined CICNI/SGEAA haplotype (ACPR, 50%; TF 55%) were not associated with TF. In contrast to other studies in Africa, the triple 51I/59R/108N mutation was rare (0.6%). In addition, the pfcrt CVIET haplotype (93%) was found to be associated with the CICNI/SGEAA haplotype. Finally, these data represent a baseline for SP resistance molecular markers needed before the deployment of SP/artesunate combination therapy in the Sudan.
Published in: Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis;8():725-32
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18373107
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