Sleep Habits and their Relationship to Behavioral Problems of Children with Autism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Student Name:Mutlag Falih Ghaith Al Ghaithat

Abstract: The present study aimed at finding out sleep habits and their relationship to behavioral problems of autistic children in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. To fulfill the goal of this study, a sample of (66) children with autistic disorders has been selected. The two tools of the study namely: sleep habits and behavioral problems scales have been distributed to parents. The researcher uses the descriptive survey in the current study. The results are as follows: The highest items on the sleep habits questionnaire were: 1. Others (parents, siblings, or the servant) wake up the child. 2. The child does not feel comfortable and moves while he/she is sleeping. 3. The child is afraid to sleep on his own. 4. The child finds it difficult to get up from the bed in the morning. 5. The child fears sleeping in the dark is fifth with the degree of always agree too. Attention deficit problems are the most common in children with autism disorder followed by hyperactivity problems. However, no problems have been detected in the children on the behavioral disorders dimension which came in the third place, and on the anxiety and withdrawal dimension which came in the last place. The results reveals a correlation between sleep habits and behavioral problems in children with autism disorder on all behavioral problems dimensions except for one dimension which is the anxiety and withdrawal dimension. There are statistically significant differences in the responses of the sample on the sleep habits questionnaire attributed to the variables of the study: parent education, and the condition of the child (the presence or absence of the inability). There are no statistically significant differences in the remaining variables. There is a correlation between three sleeping habits and behavioral problems among children with Autism. Two of these problems (sleeping at the same time every evening and taking twenty minutes to fall asleep) had a statistical significance, while the third one (crying or refusing to stay in bed) had a positive correlation.

Publishing Year: 2016

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