Quality of Life and its Relationship to Work Environment for Employees with Intellectual Disability in the kingdom of Bahrain

Student Name:Maryam Abdulrazaq Mohamed Alkooheji

Abstract: The study aimed to identify the correlation between quality of life and the work environment as perceived by workers with intellectual disabilities, and to identify the differences between the dimensions of quality of life and the dimensions of the work environment according to the variables: sex and years of experience. The sample consisted of (60)workers with mild intellectual disabilities of both sexes with experience between (2-7 years) in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Two tools were used in this study: the Quality of Life scale of Keith and Chalok Keith & Shalock (1994), which includes four dimensions: (satisfaction, productivity, social affiliation, autonomy), and Work Environment scale which includes five dimensions: (administrative, professional, physical, social, and personal).The results showed that there were significant positive correlation between most of the Quality of Life dimensions and all the Work Environment dimensions and also a significant positive correlation between the total scores of the Quality of Life scale and the Work Environment scale. It also showed that there were significant differences in satisfaction dimension only of Quality of Life scale and the total score in favor of males, and it showed that there were no significant differences in dimensions: (satisfaction, empowerment/autonomy and the total score) depending on years of experience variable in favor of (5-7) years. There were also significant differences in all dimensions of the Work Environment and the total in score in favor of males, and also the results showed that there were significant differences in the (physical, social dimensions and the total scores) on years of experience variable in favor of (5-7) years.

Publishing Year: 2015

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