Stress in Families of Children with Intellectually Disability and its Relationship to Social Support and Marital Adjustment

Student Name:Aisha A. N. Alrashid

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to identify the stress that affects families of intellectually disabled children, and types of social support and marital adjustment. It also aims at identifying the relationship between the stress that affects families of intellectually disabled children and the social support they receive, and the relationship between the stresses that affect families of intellectually disabled children and marital adjustment. The sample of the current study consisted of twenty nine families of intellectually disabled children whose ages range from (6 – 13) years old who are enrolled in special education schools in the State of Kuwait for the year 2014 – 2015. The family stresses of children with mild intellectual disabilities instrument (Frederick et al, 1993) translated by Jarrar (1989), modified by Al-Sharrah (2007) and the social support instrument (Al-Safran, 2011) was administered to families of children with mild intellectual disabilities, and the marital adjustment instrument (Shawqi, 1990) modified by Al-Dalmani (2009). The results of the study indicated the presence of a medium level of stresses that affect families of intellectually disabled children in the State of Kuwait, and the support provided by families and relatives was higher than that of friends and neighbors. There was also a statistically significant negative correlation between the stresses that affect families of children with intellectually disabilities and the support they receive from family and relatives. The findings also indicated that there was a statistically significant negative correlation between the degree of stresses that affect families of intellectually disabled children and marital adjustment.

Publishing Year: 2016

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