Early Screening of Symptoms for Autism Spectrum Disorder in pre-School Children in the State of Kuwait

Student Name:AlAnoud A S A S AlAnzi

Abstract: The study aimed of the Early Screeningfor Autism Spectrum symptoms Amongpre-schoolChildren before entering school in the State of Kuwait. The sample of the study consisted of (523) children from kindergarten who were age,between (3.5 - 5.5 years). The study tools consisted of Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddler (M_CHAT) that included 23 items in which 9 items of them were based on direct observation, 14 items were interactive in order to evaluate the imaginary play and stereotypic behaviors and imitation and eye contact behaviors. Moreover, Gilliam Autism Rating (GARS) was used as an autism diagnostic tools, it consisted of (56) test item that were distributed on four sub-measures: stereotypic behavior, communication, social interaction, developmental delays. The results of the study revealed thatin the of autism spectrum disorder symptoms sample, there was repetitive behavior,an absence of imaginary play among children and the non-use of child's finger to point their needs and wants. The results also showed that there were a statistically significant difference between males and females in the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder in favor to males. Furth more, there were statistically significant differences in the existence of autism spectrum disorder symptoms across different age groups in favor of children ages of (3.5 to4.5). As indicated by Gilliam diagnostic interview and through the profile of seven children there they suffer from autism spectrum disorder in which the deficiency was mostly in social interaction, followed by the communication, then the stereotypic behaviors, and finally the developmental delays.

Publishing Year: 2016

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